Agriculture is the livelihood for more than 80% of the population. Agriculture is the main source of food, income, and employment for the majority. It contributes to 35% of the gross domestic product (GDP) of Nepal. Efforts to boost the agricultural sector by Government of Nepal and foreign aid agencies have focused on various issues but notably crop diversification and technical capacity building of farmers.

With the government’s crusade against lackluster productivity in the agricultural sector, it has resorted to quick fixes such as intervention of fertilizers and pesticides to thrust Nepal into modern and commercial farming. The annual average fertilizer requirement in Nepal to replenish the soil nutrition is 310 kg per hectare but only 29 kg of fertilizer is added to the soil. Fifty per cent of nutrient loss from the soil occurs during the early monsoon.

But indiscriminate and excess application of fertilizers to the soil and waterways have huge human and environment costs. Some soil microorganisms can transform nitrogen provided in fertilizers into greenhouse gas nitrous oxide which gets released into the atmosphere. Greenhouse are one of the main factors accelerating global warming. Addition or leakage of fertilizers to the waterways like excess nitrogen is called eutrophication which promotes the growth of microorganisms, algae, and plants that can use up all the oxygen from the aquatic animals who cannot live without oxygen.

Likewise, farmers use chemical pesticides without considering insect pest monitoring and economic thresholds, pesticide label instructions, pre-harvest interval requirement, personal protective gear, impact on humans and the environment. Problems of pesticide usage include pesticide storage with foods, mixing pesticides with barren hands, overdose application of pesticides, disposal of pesticide waste into local waterways and drainage, use of insecticide such as Endosulfan for killing fish and treating cattle disease, use of pesticide treated grains for making alcohol and feeding ponies, dipping green vegetables for freshness and spraying to keep flies off fish on display.

It is critical to educate the farmers on all aspects of fertilizers and pesticide use, disposal, and consequences of improper usage among both farmers and retailers. About 90% of Nepalese farmers were aware of adverse effects of pesticides on human health and to the environment but unable or willing to implement safeguards against its misuse. Only 17% growers received at least one short-term training on integrated pest management and over 90% of growers rely on local pesticide retailers for pesticide technical know-how. Farmers’ knowledge of fertilizers and pesticides and their safe use are critical for implementing effective pest management and soil fertility enhancement program.

1 Arrival in Kathmandu – Transfer to Patan home-stay- Happy HourMeet
2 Bhaktapur Sightseeing, Visit Namo Buddha Monastery
3 Kathmandu sight-seeing / Departure for Palung District / Hike toVillage and Set up Camp
4 Training Session
5 Training Session
6 Training Session
7 Departure for Nuwakot District / Hike to Village and Set-up Camp
8 Training Session
9 Training Session
10 Training Session
11 Drive to Pokhara / Check into Hotel
12 Free Day (Optionals: Mountain Biking /Zip-line/Paragliding/white-water rafting/Canyoning)
13 Morning Flight to Kathmandu / Check into Hotel in Thamel
14 Free Day – Farewell Momo Dinner Party
15 Departure from Kathmandu
Excursion Package Cost: US$ 1350 per person Activities


  • Airport transfers, domestic flights and ground transportation
  • Meals during trekking, training, volunteering and ground transportation
  • Trekking permits and sight-seeing entrance fees
  • Trekking and tour guides
  • Accommodation with breakfast and Wi-Fi on (city hotels) twin-sharing basis
  • Welcome Happy Hour Meet and Farewell Dinner
  • Daily Diary, Bag-chal game and T-shirt
  • Bagchal Knock-out
  • Daily Diary
  • Snapshot Challenge


  • International flight, insurance and VISA fee
Project Cost: US$ 3200 – Fully or Partially Optional  
The project supplies and professional team may be completely or partially provided by the volunteer group which includes agricultural tools, supplies, training props and professional team. In the absence of these resources, a locally sourced solution can be fully arranged at the above mentioned cost or a reduced cost for partial fulfillment.